This year marks the 70th anniversary of the Windrush Generation – a group of people who emigrated from the Caribbean to Britain aboard the SS Empire Windrush, which arrived at the Tilbury Dock on 22nd June 1948. The Black Cultural Archives, based in Windrush Square, Brixton, held two free exhibitions which marked the occasion.
The Expectations Exhibition tells the untold story of Black British Community Leaders in the 1960’s and 1970’s. The photos were taken by Neil Kenlock, an influential young photographer during that time. Below is just a sneek peak of what you can expect to see at this exhibition which runs until the end of September. For more information contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
Family Ties – The Adamah Papers Exhibition
The Adamah Papers Exhibition tells the untold story of the Adamah Family who have historical connections with both Ghana and Britain. The important figure here is Togbui Adamah ll – a royal figure in Ghana who had 5 wives and 24 children with family ties spreading from Ghana to Britain over the years. Below are just a few of the amazing artefacts which can be seen in this spectacular exhibition.
(C) Copyright 2018, Darell J Philip
On 18th July 1918 a President was born. Not any President but one who would suffer adversity, scorn and prejudice, spending a number of years in the wilderness before, like Moses, being called to free his fellow men from years of physical, mental and emotional slavery. This year marks the 100th birthday of inspirational freedom fighter and world renowned South African President, Nelson Mandela. To celebrate the birth of this great man, a centenary exhibition about his life was held at the Southbank Centre during the summer break.
Split into six themes, each chronicling his life, the start begins with Mandela’s birth in a rural village, where, along with other boys and girls, he went to school and belonged to the Madiba tribe – given the name Rolihlahla which means, ‘troublesome one.’ Mandela lived up to his name though the trouble he caused was perhaps for good reason, having to live in a society where apartheid (segregation on the grounds of race) ruled the day. From an early age Mandela is marked out by friends and those who knew him on the ground, as a promising leader and one able to work as part of a team in negotiating to improve the lives of those being unfairly oppressed and discriminated against purely on the grounds of race.
Training in the Wilderness
Trained as a lawyer and skilled as a boxer, Mandela had both the intellectual and physical qualities needed to make it to the top but it would not be an easy journey there. The trouble he and his friends would cause to those in authority would land him in prison where for 27 years he would learn, in solitude, for himself, it would be A Long Walk to Freedom.
A Long Walk to Freedom
Mandela’s release from prison on 11th February 1990 was momentous for it would change the course of time, heralding a new era for the people of South Africa. The iconic image of Mandela and his then wife, Winnie, pumping their fists in the air like those seen in the American Black Panther movement of the 1960’s, would reverberate around the world, where many, had for years, been protesting for his release.
History in the Making
Then on 10th May 1994, history was made as Mandela was elected as the first ever Black President of South Africa and leader of the ANC (African National Congress). Under his leadership, Mandela sought to end the apartheid regime which, for many decades, had disempowered and oppressed both him and his people.
An Enduring Legacy
Mandela’s death on 5th December 2013 at the age of 95, though leaving many sad, also left many with a good cause to celebrate. Not only did he leave behind a legacy which sought to bring the races together in South Africa and beyond but he also demonstrated, like Dr Martin Luther King Jnr before him, that those from African American descent could be good leaders. Such was the influence of both the South African President and the inspirational Civil Rights Leader, that they paved the way for America’s first ever President of African American descent in Barack Obama. There also appears to be some symbolism in the death of his original Queen, Winnie, earlier this year. Trailblazer, icon, writer, world leader and humble servant – Mandela, we salute you.
(c) Copyright 2018, Darell J Philip
When writer and broadcaster, Afua Hirsch, shared with Guardian Members some personal life experiences taken from her recently released book – British – On Race, Identity and Belonging, it took me down memory lane. Revisiting an occasion when a proud Englishman told me that I was not British made me understand the author’s frustration. In my case, having been questioned on my identity and to his surprise learning that I was born in England and so too were both my parents, the Englishman then proudly exclaimed that I was not British since my grandparents hailed from the Caribbean. If that was not enough of an issue in itself then think about those questionnaires we get where we are asked to describe what ethnicity we belong to. I suddenly find myself having to consider what box to tick – do I go for Black British or perhaps Black African/Caribbean?
In her interesting conversation with senior Guardian journalist, Gary Younge, Hirsch repeatedly remarked on there being a cognitive disonance amongst Brits when discussions on race and the role the country played in the slave trade and empire are brought up.
“I didn’t find race, race found me; in the playground or the classroom, on the street, in the shops,” says the author, who is both an Oxford graduate and qualified human rights lawyer. Her mixed-race identity is linked to her mother – a black African from Ghana and her white father who was born to a mother who came from Yorkshire and a father who came to Britain as a Jewish German refugee. It was these multiplicity of identities, especially those relating to her Jewishness and blackness (two ethnicities with histories of oppression and slavery) which prompted Hirsch to become a human rights lawyer. She says: “No one can police your identity from the outside. We must learn from the lessons of history. While the history of the holocaust was easily accessible to me, the history of the slave trade was rather obscure. This must change.”
New Years Honours List
In reference to a question regarding her thoughts on the system of new years honours she said: “It seems a lot more individuals of colour are being honoured in this way almost in a plea to silence them from acknowleging that slavery and empire ever existed.” However, the author ended the night with optimism. “It’s conversations like these which begin to break down barriers and lead to open-mindedness and an acceptance of history for what it truly was which in turn enables us all to move forward together.”
Brit(ish) – On Race, Identity and Belonging (2018) by Afua Hirsch is out now in all good bookshops.
(C) Copyright 2018, Darell J Philip
Winner of the 1986 Whitbread Book of the Year and shortlisted for the 1986 Booker Prize, Kazuo Ishiguro’s – An Artist of the Floating World (1986) celebrated its 30th anniversary in 2016 having been published to great acclaim both then and now.
Included in the Observer’s 2015 list of the 100 best novels in English, (no.94 on the list), Ishiguro’s 2nd novel concentrates on a Japan pre and post war along with the impact of change to Japan and its people subsequent to the latter period of history.
The narrator – Masuji Ono – is a retired artist, bearing the secret of a past which is always bubbling beneath the surface waiting to explode at any time.
When it comes to writing about Japan and its people, Ishiguro is a master of such, himself having been born in Nagasaki. He is also adept at delicately portraying the, at times, very complicated relationships between young and old, teacher and student along with father and children as each group attempt to find their place within an ever changing world after the war.
The influence of the Western World as demonstrated through the grandson’s (Ichiro) love of cowboys and Pop-eye (American and European respectively) runs throughout the narrative, as does the struggle to negate for the past in the face of an ever changing present and future.
As such, An Artist of the Floating World, is a grand work well worthy of the acclaim to which its ascribed and clearly marks out Ishiguro as one of the finest writers in the English language.
(C) Copyright 2017, Darell J Philip